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Syphilis: Causes and Symptoms

Syphilis is a bacterial infection that is spread by sexual contact. It begins as a typical sore in areas like genitals, rectum or even mouth, but eventually becomes an utterly serious problem. These sores spread easily from contact with any other person. One of the grave aspects of this disease is that the genital sores associated to it may go on and get infected with HIV, leading to AIDS. More information about the condition can be read here.

Close bodily contact or sexual contact leads to the spread of syphilis. It can even be transferred by pregnant women to their babies. However, it cannot spread by shared utensils, bathrooms, swimming pools and the likes.
The means to know if you have syphilis is not simple. At the primary stage, it develops through sores, which typically are bug bites, large and painless. The areas most susceptible to the development of these sores are mouth and genitals. A blood test is the most reliable method of detecting this disease. Read more about the testing from this article.

Symptoms:

It is very important to have a timely diagnosis of the disease. The development varies from person to person and is different in different stages. It is possible for you to have developed syphilis and not being aware of it for a considerable time.
Primary syphilis is the stage of sore development, which is painless in most cases. This even heals itself in six months time or so.

Secondary Syphilis develops when the sore after healing transforms into a rash that eventually covers the entire body. The rash, often un-itchy, turns into a wart near the genitals and mouth. Fever and sore throat might be accompanied along with the rashes. This again follows a cyclic appearance and disappearance pattern.

Latent syphilis is the most dangerous stage, as in this no symptoms are visible and the disease germinates without any treatment. The disease finally reaches its last stage.
Tertiary syphilis is the last stage of syphilis wherein considerable damage occurs to the brain, blood vessels and joints. This is basically due to the lack of treatment of the infection in the first place. Get more information about the symptoms here.

Treatment:

The most common method of treatment includes antibiotics. It is utmost important that the disease is detected at the earliest. It becomes almost irreparable in the later stages.
Penicillin is the most tested means of curing syphilis if detected in the initial stages. This is indeed the only method, which has gained reputation for its effectiveness. The dose of the antibiotic varies from case to case.

In complex cases, wherein the infection has already progressed to the tertiary stage, medications can prevent other complications but cannot undo the damage already done.
After the treatment, there is an array of follow ups that are needed. These include blood tests at regular intervals to check the progress of the treatment, HIV test, and abstinence from intercourse till the treatment is completed. To find out more about the condition, make sure to read the following dissertation.